PSYCHODIDAE NOTES

This journal entry is somewhat of an experiment to see what HTML I can use here. There's a bit of a clash with the site's CSS, so it doesn't look quite right. I also note I don't seem to be able to use HTML in the title, and nested table tags don't work. That said, I think the information here is useful enough to post. My main work file will be kept locally. I may update this entry from time to time as I get new information.

The way the table, below, is organized, the family is divide by subfamily, then tribe, then genus and species. Photos are from iNat and Bugguide for the most part. Click an image to get to the observation. Click the name to the left to get to the info page on that species. Additional notes are added in text, some with hyperlinks. By all means, post a comment if you notice information that is wrong. Additionally, if you have information not included here, please post that as well.

Important note: I am not an expert on Psychodidae. This document serves as a central place for me to gather notes from reading I have done on the family. Feel free to use it as a resource if you like, but it should be considered a secondary or tertiary resource.




Bruchomyiinae

Nemopalpus nearcticus
Notofairchildia zelandiae Endemic to New Zealand

Psychodinae

Maruinini

Maruina lanceolata
Maruina
Maruina
Paratelmatoscopus variegatus
Paratelmatoscopus

Mormiini

Brunettia alternata
Brunettia ishiharai
Brunettia Subgenus Atrichobrunettia

Paramormiini

Clogmia albipunctata Probably the most common species in the family, found all over the world.
Clogmia latipennis Has black down the center and back of head, unlike Clogmia rothschildi
Similar to Lepiseodina conspicua
Clogmia rothschildi Similar to Clogmia latipennis but hairs on head are all blond.
Eurygarka
Feuerborniella obscura
Lepiseodina Found in America
Lepiseodina conspicua Clogmia latipennis looks similar but is found in Italy.
Lepiseodina superba
Paramormia furcata Apparently, easily recognized by the distinct pattern of spots on the wings and pattern of light and dark segments on the antennae.
Paramormia ustulata Apparently, easily recognized by the distinct pattern of spots on the wings and pattern of light and dark segments on the antennae.
Peripsychoda fusca
Philosepedon

Pericomini

Clytocerus Adult males and females of Clytocerus are among the most easily recognized species of Psychodinae due to the extremely elongate scape and the distinct frontal setae alveoli arranged in two subcircular groups.
Clytocerus americana = americanus Clytocerus (B.) americanus is common throughout the eastern United States, from western Kentucky to eastern Maryland, and from Maine to southern Alabama. It has also been collected in Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, California, Washington, and Ontario (Quate 1955). A lack of records from the southwestern United States could be due to fewer collections, but probably indicates a lack of suitable habitat.

CurlerMoulton2012Clytocerus.pdf
describes a similar, smaller species, C. microlimnetes known from Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, and Kentucky.
Clytocerus splendidus Europe
Clytocerus ocellaris Europe
Clytocerus unidentified
Pericoma fuliginosa
Pericoma illustrata
Pericoma signata
Pericoma sp.
Pneumia trivialis
Pneumia
Satchelliella compta
Satchelliella mutua
Stupkaiella
Logima I will consider these as Psychoda for now.

https://www.aemnp.eu/data/article-1041/1022-41_0_213.pdf
Differential diagnosis: Genera Logima Eaton, 1904, Tinearia Schellenberg, 1803, Ypsydocha Ježek, 1983a, Psychoda Latreille, 1796 and Copropsychoda Vaillant, 1971 have antennae with 15 or 14 segments and there are mostly huge differences in their size of the last three antennal segments. On the other hand genera Psychodula Jažek, 1983a, Chodopsycha Ježek, 1983a, Psychomora Ježek, 1983a and Psychodocha Ježek, 1983a antennae are 16 segmented and there are mostly small differences in the size of the last three reduced antennal segments, however a swelling setae is not considered as a segment. Antennae both of genus Logima Eaton, 1904 and Copropsychoda Vaillant, 1971 14 segmented, remainders of one or more spines penultimate pseudoantennal segment. On the other hand genera Ypsychdocha Ježek, 1983a, Psychoda Latreille, 1796 and Tinearia Schellenberg, 1803 with 15 segmented antennae and spines or their remainders on penultimate antennal segment mostly missing. Antennal segment 12 with a narrowed part in genus Logima Eaton, 1904, more or less swollen part between fused segments 13 and 14 developed, both radial and medial forks of the wing veins uninterrupted. In genus Copropsychoda Vaillant, 1971 antennal segment 12 without a neck part, more or less swollen part between fused segments 13 and 14 missing, both radial and medial forks of the wing veins interrupted.

Distribution: 21 species in the world - Australian area (5), New Zealand area (1), Polynesian area (2), Indo-malayan area (7), Holarctic area (6).
Logima sigma See Psychoda sigma
Logima surcoufi See of Psychoda sigma

Psychodini

Psychoda acutipennis
Psychoda alternata Worldwide, originating in North America
Psychoda cinerea
Psychoda griscescens Image
Psychoda sigma For now I consider P. sigma, P. surcoufi, Logima sigma, and L. surcoufi to all refer to Psychoda sigma.
Psychoda
Quatiella

Setomimini

Setomima nitida
Tinearia Browse
Threticus bicolor
Tonnoiriella pulchra

Unidentified

Phlebotominae

Lutzomyia cayennensis
Micropygomyia vexator Click picture to see larger version. Flies are infesting snake habitat.
Lutzomyia sp.
Phlebotomus papatasi
Phlebotomus

Trichomyiinae

Trichomyia urbica
Trichomyia
Trichomyia

Lähettänyt victorengel victorengel, 11. tammikuuta 2021 23:11

Kommentit

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Fascinating compilation! Thanks, Victor!

Lähettänyt gcwarbler noin 2 kuukautta sitten (Lippu)
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I recently purchased a hardcover version of "A Monograph of the North American Psychodidae, Including Ten New Species and an Aquatic Psychodid from Florida", by Leonard Haseman on Amazon. It's a poor reproduction of the original complete with a typo in the title on the cover. I just spent some time photographing the pages with my phone, straightening the images in Lightroom, then running it through OCR to make it searchable. Here's a link to the resulting PDF file. https://www.dropbox.com/s/wwyuv225hvpenby/Psychodidae.pdf?dl=0

Lähettänyt victorengel noin 2 kuukautta sitten (Lippu)
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The synonymy under the genus Logima [1904] given here is incorrect, since this genus is junior to both Tinearia [1803] and Psychoda [1796]. When the genera listed are synonymized, the proper name for them is Psychoda, not Logima. Missing from the list above is Psycha Ježek [published in 1984].

Lähettänyt davidferguson 4 päivää sitten (Lippu)
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@davidferguson The taxonomy of this family appears to be pretty complex. Are you going by the Manual of Nearctic Diptera (vol. 1):
https://bugguide.net/node/view/170043

Lähettänyt gcwarbler 4 päivää sitten (Lippu)
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Thanks for the comment @davidferguson . This document started out as a scratch pad for me to learn the various Psychodidae. At the time I made the comments, it seemed L. sigma, L. surcoufi, P. sigma, and P. surcoufi were all names for the same thing. My comment was meant to reflect that more than which was preferred. I'll update the entry when time permits.

Lähettänyt victorengel 4 päivää sitten (Lippu)
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I've updated the entry in response to the feedback. I additionally added a caveat at the top. I suppose an error I made was to consider that synonymy works in taxonomy as it does in math, i.e., that it is reflexive. If A is a synonym of B, then B is a synonym of A. From the comment, above, it doesn't work that way. I note that I didn't declare which was the preferred name but pondered whether one was. I think more research needs to be done. As well, I suspect the issue here pits the lumpers against the splitters. Pragmatically, at least for this group, for this website, at least for now, I think it makes more sense for the lumpers to win. That's just my personal opinion, based mainly on the number of observations identified as each genus or species within the family. All are underrepresented except for Clogmia albipunctata. The other species need more representation before the AI can start learning to recognize them. That's more likely to happen if they're not split into categories that can't be determined by photos.

Lähettänyt victorengel 3 päivää sitten (Lippu)

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