Kuvat / Äänet

Havainnoija

kueda

Päivämäärä

Elokuu 30, 2015 11:58 AM PDT

Kuvaus

One of the most amazing worms I've ever seen. About 8 mm long, climbed out of a clump of tunicates we put in a dish, undoubtedly sponges and other things mixed in too. Very close resemblence to this image, ID'd as A. speciosa at http://invasions.si.edu/nemesis/calnemo/GroupSummary.jsp?GRP=Annelids-Polychaetes, but given the image at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34212266 that seems like it might be wrong.

Merkinnät

Kuvat / Äänet

Square

Mitä

Kanadanliito-Orava Glaucomys sabrinus

Havainnoija

greg166

Päivämäärä

Syyskuu 13, 2018 01:27 PM EDT

Kuvat / Äänet

Havainnoija

cbastidas

Päivämäärä

Huhtikuu 28, 2019 01:32 PM EDT

Kuvat / Äänet

Square

Mitä

Metsämurmeli Marmota monax

Havainnoija

aerin17069

Päivämäärä

Toukokuu 5, 2014 12:00 AM UTC

Kuvat / Äänet

Havainnoija

hitchco

Päivämäärä

Huhtikuu 27, 2019 11:23 AM EDT

Kuvat / Äänet

Square

Havainnoija

midnitedreary

Päivämäärä

Huhtikuu 28, 2019 01:33 PM EDT

Kuvat / Äänet

Square

Mitä

Katkat Lahko Amphipoda

Havainnoija

alice_w

Päivämäärä

Huhtikuu 29, 2019 04:55 PM EDT

Kuvat / Äänet

Square

Mitä

Piisami Ondatra zibethicus

Havainnoija

dongminsung

Päivämäärä

Huhtikuu 17, 2017 12:20 PM EDT

Kuvaus

Confirm?

Kuvat / Äänet

Mitä

Kanadanliito-Orava Glaucomys sabrinus

Havainnoija

whatdoiknow

Päivämäärä

Toukokuu 3, 2018 06:16 PM EDT

Kuvat / Äänet

Mitä

Amerikansaukko Lontra canadensis

Havainnoija

lorri-gong

Päivämäärä

Tammikuu 29, 2018 05:07 PM PST

Kuvaus

This sighting was also reported to the River Otter Ecology Project and they are investigating the wounds on this individuals nose...

Kuvat / Äänet

Havainnoija

tiana_cabana

Päivämäärä

Toukokuu 31, 2016 09:13 AM EDT

Kuvat / Äänet

Havainnoija

tombigelow

Päivämäärä

Elokuu 24, 2013 11:20 AM EDT

Kuvat / Äänet

Square

Mitä

Unikeko Glis glis

Havainnoija

mattiamenchetti

Päivämäärä

Elokuu 20, 2015 08:22 AM CEST

Paikka

Torino, IT (Google, OSM)

Kuvat / Äänet

Mitä

Amerikanliito-Orava Glaucomys volans

Havainnoija

luke_fultz

Päivämäärä

Kesäkuu 21, 2018 08:00 PM EDT

Kuvat / Äänet

Square

Mitä

Amerikanliito-Orava Glaucomys volans

Havainnoija

pamelabau

Päivämäärä

Kesäkuu 16, 2018 09:35 PM EDT

Kuvat / Äänet

Mitä

Amerikanliito-Orava Glaucomys volans

Havainnoija

meganayers

Päivämäärä

Syyskuu 19, 2018 08:50 PM EDT

Kuvaus

Caught in our bat net

Kuvat / Äänet

Square

Mitä

Juovamaaorava Tamias striatus

Havainnoija

bobermay

Päivämäärä

Marraskuu 10, 2012 11:38 AM EST

Kuvat / Äänet

Mitä

Amerikanliito-Orava Glaucomys volans

Havainnoija

ntepper

Päivämäärä

Syyskuu 14, 2018 12:32 PM EDT

Kuvaus

Flushed from tree hole on the side of the causeway. Funny place to find this species, as there are no trees over 25ft on the causeway. G. sabrinus ruled out by lack of cone bearing trees in the vicinity, and by tail width (as well as the tail width taper). Another individual was discovered in the tree hole as well.

Kuvat / Äänet

Square

Mitä

Juovamaaorava Tamias striatus

Havainnoija

tranj9

Päivämäärä

Lokakuu 10, 2016

Kuvaus

Chipmunks in southeastern Canada and northeastern United States are commonly known as the eastern chipmunk, scientifically named Tamias striatus (T. striatus) 1. A defining feature of this species is the two-paired innermost dorsal stripes being twice as wide as the other three stripes on the body1. Their diet, habitat, behaviour, and susceptibility to predators, vary depending on the season. For example, during mating season, males become more social to find a female to copulate with. However, did you know females also have a mechanism to attract mates? The following report will explore the varying aspects of the T. striatus such as, its physical characteristics, habitat, diet, reproductive behavior, and susceptibility to predators.
T. striatus are scattered over a wide geographic range, varying in size and weight. The average adult size for the eastern chipmunk is 225 to 268 mm, with the tail being an average of 72 to 101 mm in length, while a newborn is about 66 mm in length1. The average adult weighs from less than 80 to 125 grams, but a newborn weighs about 2.5 to 5 grams1. Their lifespan depends on their birth season, with chipmunks born in the spring having a higher survivorship than those born in the late summer1. Although survivorship varies among individuals, the average lifespan of these chipmunks is 30 months in the wild, and they can live up to eight years under captivity2.
The eastern chipmunk is found in many parts of Canada and the United States. In the Gulf States of the United States, they reside in the parishes by the Mississippi River and are present in the northwest area of Florida1. In Canada, they geographically range from Lake Manitoba eastward to the Quebec coastline north of Anticosti Island1. Eastern deciduous forests1 and sparse understory woodlands, with herbaceous growth and trees are their preferred habitats3. They prefer uncrowded areas that have objects (logs, trees, etc.) 4 that provide them with elevation to spot predators. They also reside in man-made habitats such as clear-cut forests, farmland woodlots, and residential areas4. In these habitats, T. striatus create burrow systems ranging from 0.11 to 1.38 acres, with a depth of less than 1 meter depending on the season1. During late summer and fall, chipmunks are the most active as they gather food for hibernation in the winter, and must increase their burrow system to accommodate for the food5.
These chipmunks use pouches in their cheeks to gather primary foods such as, seeds, nuts, and acorns to store for hibernation1. During the spring and autumn, their diet mainly consists of plant material, but in late spring and summer there is an increase in the consumption of invertebrates, insects, fungi, and small mammals6. It is suggested that there is an increased rate of consumption of non-plant-based material because it is high in protein, which is an important nutrient for newborn chipmunks6. Eastern chipmunks also prefer a diet consisting of cherries, wild lily, nannyberries, and strawberries in late July5. Therefore, due to the variation in their diet they are considered omnivores. They have an average calorie count of about 32.7 to 35.7 kcal per day1.
The social organization of the T. striatus is territorial and solitary because they are dominant over their own burrows3. Although these chipmunks are independent during the annual cycle, they become very active during mating season. Male chipmunks gather around female burrows to chase and isolate the female for copulation when she emerges from her burrow3. The adult males are very aggressive during the mating bout and squeal in a high pitch manner to drive rivals away3. Unfortunately, if a more dominant adult male spends too much time chasing away juvenile males, he risks his chance to copulate as another male could take the female away. The mating bouts usually last until mid-afternoon, and female chipmunks are capable of copulating with multiple males3. Eastern chipmunks are unique because they have two breeding seasons each year, one during March to April and another in June to July7. The females are able to participate in either one or both breeding seasons1.
It is common in many species, including the T. striatus, for males to compete with other males to attract a female. However, did you know that these females also have a mechanism to attract males? Females leave an olfactory cue (anal or vaginal secretions) around their burrow to attract males3. The anus of female T. striatus has anal glands and glandular tissue that secrete hormones and reproductive pheromones to attract the males to her nest8. The reproductive pheromones released are so strong that even after copulation, some males still wander around the entrance of the female burrow1.
While chipmunks are foraging or away from their burrows during mating season, they have a high risk of becoming prey to snakes, hawks, weasels, foxes, large frogs, and bobcats1. T. striatus warn and communicate with each other using four different alarm calls: a single high-pitched “chip”, a chip-trill, a series of chips, and a repeated low-pitched “cuk”1. The chip-trill call is typically used during an escape rush1.
Due to its large population, the T. striatus is listed as one of the least concerned species under the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List9. Furthermore, because of the flexibility in their habit choice, they have increased survival. Using burrows, hoarding food, and hibernating during unfavorable environmental conditions also make them less susceptible to extinction9.
In conclusion, T. striatus is a well-known species easily found in the southeastern and northeastern parts of Canada and the United States respectively, and their choice in habitat, diet, and behaviour are fundamental to their fitness and survival.

References (CSE – citation sequence style)

  1. Snyder DP. Tamias striatus. Mamm Species [Internet]. 1982 [cited 19 Oct 2016];168(1): 1-8. Available from: http://www.jstor.org.libaccess.lib.mcmaster.ca/stable/pdf/3503819.pdf
  2. Montiglio PO, Garant D, Bergeron P, Messier GD, Reale D. Pulsed resources and the coupling between life-history strategies and exploration patterns in eastern chipmunks (Tamias striatus). J Anim Ecol [Internet]. 2014 [cited 19 Oct 2016]; 83(1): 720-728. Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.libaccess.lib.mcmaster.ca/doi/10.1111/1365 2656.12174/epdf
  3. Yahner RH. The adaptive nature of the social system and behaviour in the eastern chipmunk, Tamias striatus. Behav Ecol Sociobiol [Internet]. 1978 [cited 19 Oct 2016]; 3(1): 397-427. Avalable from: http://link.springer.com.libaccess.lib.mcmaster.ca/article/10.1007/BF00303202
  4. Mahan CG, Yahner RH. Effects of forest fragmentation on burrow-site selection by the eastern chipmunk (Tamias striatus). Am Midl Nat [Internet]. 1996 [cited 19 Oct2016]; 136(2): 352-357. Available from: http://www.jstor.org.libaccess.lib.mcmaster.ca/stable/pdf/2426739.pdf
  5. Forsyth DJ, Smith DA. Temporal variability in home ranges of eastern chipmunks (Tamias striatus) in a southeastern Ontario woodlot. Am Midl Nat [Internet]. 1973 [cited 19 Oct 2016]; 90(1): 107-117. Available from: http://www.jstor.org.libaccess.lib.mcmaster.ca/stable/pdf/2424271.pdf
  6. Wrazen JA, Svendsen GE. Feeding ecology of a population of eastern chipmunks (Tamias striatus) in southeast Ohio. Am Midl Nat [Internet]. 1978 [cited 19 Oct2016]; 100(1): 190-201. Available from: http://www.jstor.org.libaccess.lib.mcmaster.ca/stable/pdf/2424789.pdf
  7. Smith LC, Smith DA. Reproductive biology, breeding seasons, and growth of eastern chipmunks, Tamias striatus (Rodentia: Sciuridae) in Canada. Can J Zool [Internet]. 1971 [cited 19 Oct 2016]; 50: 1069-1085. Available from: http://www.nrcresearchpress.com.libaccess.lib.mcmaster.ca/doi/pdf/10.1139/z72145
  8. Yahner RH, Allen BL, Peterson WJ. Dorsal and anal glands in the eastern chipmunk, Tamias striatus. Ohio J Sci [Internet]. 1979 [cited 19 Oct 2016]; 79(1): 40-43.Available from: https://kb.osu.edu/dspace/bitstream/handle/1811/22593/V079N1_040.pdf?sequece=1
  9. Liow LS, Fortelius M, Lintulaakso K, Mannila H, Stenseth NC. Am Nat [Internet]. 2009 [cited 19 Oct 2016]; 173(2): 264-272. Available from: http://www.jstor.org.libaccess.lib.mcmaster.ca/stable/pdf/10.1086/595756.pdf

Kuvat / Äänet

Square

Mitä

Amerikanliito-Orava Glaucomys volans

Havainnoija

greg_myers13

Päivämäärä

Elokuu 6, 2018 10:16 PM EDT

Kuvat / Äänet

Square

Havainnoija

rauli

Päivämäärä

Tammikuu 19, 2010 04:12 PM CET

Kuvaus

PN Conquillio - Araukarien an der Waldgrenze

Merkinnät

Kuvat / Äänet

Square

Havainnoija

eamonccorbett

Päivämäärä

Heinäkuu 23, 2017 10:22 AM EDT

Kuvat / Äänet

Mitä

Skoonenvoikukka Taraxacum erythrospermum

Havainnoija

jessicajessica

Päivämäärä

Elokuu 21, 2018 02:06 PM EDT

Kuvat / Äänet

Mitä

Pesukarhu Procyon lotor

Havainnoija

johngarrett

Päivämäärä

Huhtikuu 29, 2018 09:24 PM CDT

Kuvat / Äänet

Havainnoija

waterhelen

Päivämäärä

Tammikuu 27, 2013 12:06 PM ACDT

Kuvaus

One of my favourite discoveries. ID notes see page 373 G.J. Edgars "Australian Marine Life" 2nd Edition

Kuvat / Äänet

Havainnoija

cbastidas

Päivämäärä

Huhtikuu 30, 2018 10:51 AM EDT

Kuvaus

Observations at Constitution Beach, East Boston

Kuvat / Äänet

Square

Mitä

Amerikanliito-Orava Glaucomys volans

Havainnoija

ntepper

Päivämäärä

Heinäkuu 26, 2018 01:47 PM EDT

Kuvaus

Caught in a sherman trap 40g (soaking wet) female.

Kuvat / Äänet

Mitä

Harmaaorava Sciurus carolinensis

Havainnoija

prycpr2468

Päivämäärä

Huhtikuu 28, 2018 02:32 PM EDT

Kuvat / Äänet

Mitä

Skoonenvoikukka Taraxacum erythrospermum

Havainnoija

michiey

Päivämäärä

Toukokuu 8, 2018 05:47 PM EDT

Kuvat / Äänet

Square

Mitä

Lehtinunna Lymantria dispar

Havainnoija

allysonv

Päivämäärä

Heinäkuu 17, 2016 04:11 AM EDT

Kuvaus

Caterpillar.

Kuvat / Äänet

Square

Mitä

Pyreneidendesmaani Galemys pyrenaicus

Havainnoija

cesarpollo5

Päivämäärä

Toukokuu 22, 1992

Merkinnät

Kuvat / Äänet

Mitä

Amerikanliito-Orava Glaucomys volans

Havainnoija

toddtracks

Päivämäärä

Lokakuu 8, 2017 12:13 PM EDT

Kuvat / Äänet

Havainnoija

tmazzarulli

Päivämäärä

Toukokuu 20, 2016

Kuvaus

Found in a garden, ~25cm